Did you know? Ten lesser known stories from the City

An eclectic selection of places and stories from across Port Phillip

Shaw-Ross Airfield

Address: Westport Reserve, The Boulevard opposite Barak Road, Port Melbourne

In 1920 Major Harry Turner Shaw and Lieutenant Hubert Galsworthy Ross founded the Shaw-Ross Engineering and Aviation Company behind the sand dunes on Ferry Road, Port Melbourne. In May 1921, Fishermans Bend Aerodrome became the first licenced aerodrome in Victoria. The same month, Lieutenant Ross was involved in an aeroplane crash in Port Melbourne, in which he and two passengers were killed. This resulted in one of the first air crash investigations in Australia.

Major Harry Shaw’s Farman Sports Bi-plane. Port Phillip City Collection pm2095

Middle Park Baths

Address: Beaconsfield Parade at Armstrong Street, Middle Park

The Middle Park Baths opened on this site in February 1892. With a natural sandy gradient, this beach allowed swimming in both shallow and deep water, and the baths were well equipped for their time. Originally privately operated, the Baths were purchased by South Melbourne Council in 1911.

Initially bathing was limited to men only, however mixed bathing was approved by Council in 1954. The Baths were eventually demolished in 1961 after sustaining repeated storm damage to the timber structure.

Middle Park Municipal Baths. City of South Melbourne annual report, 1912-13. Port Phillip City Collection sm1151

St Kilda Racecourse

Address: Chaucer Street, St Kilda

St Kilda Racecourse was located at the southern end of Peanut Farm Reserve. Races, including the St Kilda Cup, were held in late December and early January from 1847-1868. Surrounded by swampland, the boggy course was often problematic for horses and riders but it was close to town and popular with race-goers. On Boxing Day 1866, over 3000 people attended.

Extract from The Argus, 14 January 1853, page 5

The Abattoirs

Address: Robinson Reserve, 393 Barkly Street, Elwood

The St Kilda Municipal Abattoirs operated near here from 1862 until 1899, despite residents' objections to the foul odours and dumped offal in the Elster Creek. Adding to the smell were the 'manure depots' much appreciated by the market gardeners of Brighton. Elster Creek was later transformed into the Elwood Canal.

Abattoirs at Elwood, between Marine Parade and Barkly Streets, St Kilda, 1864. Port Phillip City Collection sk2251

Point Ormond

Address: Point Ormond Reserve, Elwood

For thousands of years First Peoples camped on Point Ormond. Early settlers called it the Red Bluff. In 1840 a quarantine station and a graveyard were established here for the fever ship Glen Huntly. By 1905 part of the Red Bluff had been removed for landfill for the Elwood swamp.

The navigational beacon helped ships find their way to the ports. Beacons were lit here for the Separation celebrations in 1851 and the Bicentennial celebrations in 1988.

The Red Bluff Pt. Ormond, c 1875 after a pencil drawing by Mrs Elizabeth Parsons 1875C. Port Phillip City Collection sk0834

Cable Car Tram Shed

Address: 10 Brighton Road, St Kilda East

This is the site of the former cable tram car shed for the Brighton Road tram line. Opened in 1888, this route travelled along Brighton Road, High Street, St Kilda Road and Swanston Street, before terminating at Queensberry Street. Melbourne’s cable tram network ran from 1885 until 1940 and was the fourth biggest in the world. This route was altered and electrified in 1926.

Looking down High Street (now St Kilda Road) towards St Kilda Junction, 1920s. Port Phillip City Collection sk0163

The making of Vegemite

Address: 76 Kerferd Road, Albert Park

This plaque tells the story of the invention of Vegemite right here in Albert Park. The former building at 76-82 Kerferd Road was home to South Melbourne College. After the college closed in 1916, Fred Walker used the building to produce food products.

The now iconic Vegemite spread was developed here in 1923 by Dr C. P. Callister. South Melbourne College, an early co-educational establishment, moved to this site in 1905. It had a reputation for academic excellence, especially in the education of girls who competed on equal terms with the boys.Notable author Katherine Susannah Prichard was one of the school's students.

The college closed in 1916 and the building was demolished in 1933, leaving the name 'College Place' as its only trace.

South Melbourne College, 1907. Port Phillip City Collection sm0350

Pumping Station

Address: Esplanade West, Port Melbourne

Gigantic machinery within this 1891 building still pumps floodwaters during heavy rainfall. In the early 20th century great gas-driven pumps were operated by George Beazley, whose rain-activated device would wake him when a storm arose so that he could start the machinery. When George retired the pumps were electrified.

Port Phillip City Collection pm1497

Esplanade 'Vaults'

Address: Jacka Boulevard (opposite the Sea Baths)

In the 1890s, public transport on the Esplanade was upgraded with a new cable tramway replacing the old horse-drawn omnibus, managed by the Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company. The upper Esplanade roadway needed to be widened to accommodate the new tram tracks.

As part of the embankment works in 1890-91, provision was made for ten shops with arched ceilings and verandas facing onto the lower Esplanade and built into the supporting wall - now known as the Esplanade Vaults.

Port Phillip City Collection sk0564


Address: 17 Queens Road, Melbourne

Between1942 and 1944 an allied intelligence code breaking operation known as FRUMEL (Fleet Radio Unit, Melbourne) worked from Monterey apartments. Australian, American and British navy personnel, 90 per cent of whom were women, worked alongside university professors to decipher Japanese codes. FRUMEL played a crucial role in allied victories during this time including the 1942 Battle of Midway. After decades of secrecy, FRUMEL records were declassified in 1987.

Members of the Womens Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) in the filing room at FRUMEL. Image from National Archives of Australia (NAA 7648060)